Various Forms of Government that Exist in 21st Century

Various Forms of Government that Exist in 21st Century

Essay on the various forms of government

A government is an institution that consists of a group of individuals who manage the state's affairs. The majority of governments exercise power using a top-down approach whereby political authority is implemented via a one-way control of public and social affairs. It ensures the safety of its people through the implementation of effective legislation. Further, it is essential to influence a nation's economic progress by protecting its citizens from aspects such as abuse by agents and grabbing of public property. Over the years, societies have been governed by various governments characterized by the presence of their constitution and guiding principles that dictate the form of governance. The responsibilities of a government towards the citizens are constantly evolving to cater to the growing demand. In this regard, an analysis of the various forms of government will be essential.

A government is accountable for enforcing and implementing rules governing society, foreign affairs, defense, public services, and the economy. It is characterized by aspects related to power structure and power source. In this regard, the power source is defined by individuals and institutions that employ authority over the state and how they acquire their power. On the other hand, the power structure dictates the systems by which the governments are organized. In this regard, the government is a combination of administrators, arbitrators, and legislators. The States are governed by a series of successions of various governments whose functions include enforcing laws and handling conflicts. Hence, while the government responsibilities are homogenous, the duties are executed differently based on government.

The Various Forms of Government

The various forms of government are evident, based on the policies and rules of the nation. First, autocracy is a form of government where power is controlled by one individual or entity. Autocracy is considered an absolute monarchy where families or groups of families are considered the supreme power in the country. According to Tullock (2012), in this type of government, the wealthy nobles are given power to rule over those with lower socioeconomic status. Consequently, leadership positions are reserved for the elite in the community. This is because the elite are considered as individuals who are educated and characterized by genetic traits needed in governance. Hence, autocracy associates the wealthy with the ability to rule.

Second, bureaucracy is a system through which the non-elected government officials manage the public duties as guided by the administrative policy-making bodies. In this regard, the state officials undertake the fundamental decisions rather than the elected government representatives. In this form of government, the procedures, regulations, and guidelines are created to facilitate order and achieve efficiency. Hence, bureaucracy is used as a system that strengthens the comprehensive forms of government.

Third, the monarchy was a popular form of government until the 19th century.

It is a structure that allows a single-family to rule from one generation to the next. Sovereignty and power are centered on one individual who depending on the country are referred to as king, prince, amir, or sultan. Constitutional monarchies and absolute monarchy are the primary forms of monarchy characterized by the level of power given to an individual or the family in a leadership position. Based on Fitch (2002), absolute monarchy provides the ruler will unlimited power. On the other hand, in constitutional monarchies, the leaders retain a ceremonial role but restricted political influence. This approach has been evident in the United Kingdom,

Next, democracy is the most popular form of government in the modern era. Democracy exists in instances whereby eligible citizens influence the decisions that affect their livelihood. In this case, individuals are allowed to engage directly or indirectly via elected representatives to create and develop laws. Besides, it includes economic, social, and cultural aspects that facilitate equality and freedom in political self-resolve.

Finally, communism is a system that allows for common ownership of resources in the form of production and elimination of social classes. This form of government depends on citizens' ability to trust that the system will divide their labor equally (Fandel, 2008). It was viewed as a way through which people can improve each other's lives and that of the state. The capitalist and working class must give based on their abilities and take according to their needs. Hence, communism is a combination of an economic structure with a belief system.

In conclusion, the different forms of government have been the source of unity and conflict in many countries over the years. Communities have created various systems of government to cater to their evolving needs and demands. In this regard, the various governance structures such as autocracy, bureaucracy, monarchy, communism, and democracy dictate how individuals should live and associate with each other. Hence, each nation depending on its policies and beliefs has a system that manages national resources.


Fandel, J. (2008). Communism. Mankato, Minn: Creative Education.

Fitch, A. (2002). The civil government of the United States. New York: American Book Co.

Tullock, G. (2012). Autocracy. Springer Science & Business Media.

Published on: 5 Sep 2020

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