Reading for Week 11:
Chapter 25: Troubled Innocence: 1950-1961
Type your name here:
Type your answer to the questions in the WHITE space provided (i.e., below the questions). (The space will expand as you type.) Label the sub-set of questions as (a), (b), (c), etc., where required.
(a) What labor action in the mid-1950s helped it to increase its bargaining power? (4 points)
(b) According to the textbook, increase in cars on American roads in the post-war period had a number of impacts. In one sentence, state one of the impacts. (3 points)
(c) What popular slogan used by religious leaders in the 1950s reflected societal emphasis on marriage and family? Provide the quote. (3 points)
a). The merger of the American Federation of Labor and the Congress of Industrial Organizations.
b). One of the major impacts of the increase in cars in America was the increase of motels along American highways.
c). A family that prays together stays together.
(a) In the post-war period, the Sun Belt region saw increase in population. Which state had the largest population increase? (2 points)
(b) What specific legislation provided impetus for development of suburbs as well as the automobile industry? (3 points)
(c) What TV coverage of congressional investigation in the 1950s provided a lesson in morality? (3 points)
(d) What TV show featured an all-black cast? (2 points)
b). National Interstate and Defense Highway Act.
c). The army-McCarthy hearings.
d). The Amos ‘n Andy Show
(a) In what ways did Hollywood generally portray women? Mention only the ways. (3 points)
(b) Which musical genre had most appeal to post-war period teenagers? (2 points)
(c) What made young people excited about Elvis Presley, but upset their parents? (3 points)
(d) How did most businessmen view the ideal wife according to a 1951 study? Quote directly from the textbook. (2 points)
a). Hollywood portrayed women as mothers, dutiful wives and understanding girlfriends.
b). Rock ‘n’ roll.
c). Elvis’s snarling singing and his wild pelvic gyrations excited the youth but upset their parents.
d). Most businessmen viewed the ideal wife as one who devoted herself to her husband’s career.
(a) Which Beat Generation artist approved of drug use and sexual experimentation as valid manners of self-expression? (3 points)
(b) How did radical gay men organize against homophobia in the early 1950s despite the criminalization of homosexuality? (3 points)
(c) Who was the NAACP chief lawyer who in 1950 argued for the desegregation of law school in Texas? (4 points)
a). Jack Kerouac.
b). They formed the Mattachine Society in Los Angeles in 1951.
c). Thurgood Marshall.
(a) From whom did Martin Luther King Jr. draw inspiration and commitment to the principles of nonviolent resistance and civil disobedience? (3 points)
(b) How did President Dwight Eisenhower justify expanding the federal government in domestic matters? (2 points)
(c) What encouraged the Eisenhower administration to hatch a CIA-led plan to overthrow the regime of Fidel Castro in Cuba? (3 points)
(d) What convinced many Americans during the 1960 presidential election that J.F. Kennedy possessed the ability to be president? (2 points)
a). Philip Randolph and Bayard Rustin.
b). He convinced the electorate that the expansion was a part of fighting the Cold War.
c). The successful CIA covert operations in Cuba
d). His performance in the first debate convinced the majority of television viewers that he had the ability to be president.