Subject: History
Topic: Impact of World War II on American Society
Language: English (U.S.)
Pages: 2
Instructions
Assess the impact of World War II on American society. To what extent did the war serve as a “victory” at home? To what extent did it not? What new challenges and opportunities did the war present to minority groups? How did the war affect life on the home front for the average American?

Impact of World War II on American Society


Much can be said concerning World War II as it had a big impact not only in the United States but globally also. Though the war did not occur in the American soil, it had impact nearly in all the phases of American life. In many of those phases it was like a victory to the American society. The war came at a time of economic depression in the United States. It is argued that it ended the great depression. Since the army was involved in fighting, then they had to spend on equipping the army for the battle. Many American’s therefore got employed to make the weapons since they were not readily available. This increased their purchasing power and hence improved the economy of the nation. The other victory side was on the American women. These women were like second class citizens in their own country. They faced a lot of discrimination for instance in the job market most jobs were closed to them. For them that fortunately found one, they earned so little compared to their male counter-parts. When the productive work began in the 1940’s it gave these women the chance to do industrial work hence the number of the employed women rose sharply.


However, in as much as the war gave some positive results, negative consequences were inevitable. The war led to a lot of disruptions at home. The citizens faced shortages which then required them to experience the hassle of rationing. For one to purchase items like sugar, meat and gasoline, the citizens had to provide the necessary coupons which were issued by the office of the price administration. Other shortages the citizens experienced was the housing shortages by people moving to war-production centers. Also for the Japanese American’s the World War II did not act to their favor. They were totally hated and discriminated by the American’s. Their discrimination reached a point of evacuating them the American soil but it got worse when their own countries did not accept them. This forced them to be detained in a number of camps with torture till some of them decided to join the forces and fight while them that refused continued facing hardships.


The minority groups included the African American’s and the Japanese American’s. The African American’s were in a way beneficiary of the World War II. Before the war, the unemployment rate of the African American’s stood at twice as that of the unemployed whites. But after the world war started this rate reduced as some were recruited to fight and others to make weapons. A new challenge however arose for them that were lucky to secure a job, they were unskilled hence less productive and that would mean less pay. Initially, the African American’s could not join the Marine Corps or the Army. However for them that were lucky to be in the army it was not a place they would love to spend their entire life in. They were segregated completely from the whites. A case instance is of an African American soldier being turned away from a lunchroom and an enemy soldier served in the same room.


The war made them hunger for more prosperity. Their vision for the future included a refurbished and a revived version of the world they had knowledge of before the war. The war restored self-confidence in them and convicted them that whatever they wanted was within their reach. The World War II also made the American’s to be more willing to involve themselves either politically, diplomatically or economically with the outside world. Moreover, it also expanded their hopes and expectations and forever altered the patterns of their lives at home.