Leadership and Management
Leadership is the activity of leading a group of individuals, leadership involves establishing clear vision for the organization; leaders share this vision with the others to compel them to follow willingly. Another principle of leadership is providing the methods, knowledge, and information to actualize the vision. Leaders have to balance the interests of the shareholders and the other members of the organization in order to get an outcome that is suitable for all (Eagly & Johannesen‐Schmidt, 2001). Managers organize and coordinate the activities of an organization, unlike leaders, managers are not the source of the vision they simply oversee resources to ensure that the vision is actualized (Brodbeck, 2013). The core principles of managers include division of work, responsibility, and order. Leaders provide vision while managers oversee activities to achieve that vision. Managers and leaders are similar in that they are both in charge of significant resources.
Power is the capacity to influence or direct the behavior of others. Authority on the other hand is the ability to give orders, enforce obedience, and make decisions. Authority implies that the leader taps on more than just the power invested in him but the respect of the people; as such, it is the effective leadership style (Brodbeck, 2013).
Brodbeck, C. (2013). Culture and leadership across the world: The GLOBE book of in-depth studies of 25 societies. . Routledge.
Eagly, & Johannesen‐Schmidt. (2001). The leadership styles of women and men. Journal of social issues, 781-797.