Subject: Psychology and Education
Topic: CRITICAL THINKING
Language: English (U.S.)
Pages: 2
Instructions
While our system of government is a democratic republic form of democracy, the book notes that many states have direct democracy features such as town hall meetings, initiatives, and referendums. What kinds of decisions are well suited for direct democracy? What kinds of decisions are best left for representative bodies? Why? Should countries make an effort to socialize immigrants and their children into American culture? Think about the core American political values described in the chapter. Which of these values do you think is most important for integration of immigrants? Are any of the values discussed by the book non-essential?

Critical Thinking Questions

           Question 1:

Several states have direct democratic features even though the main system of government is representative democracy. There are many decisions that are best suited for direct democracy while others are best made by the representative bodies. Direct democratic initiatives make the government more responsive to the wishes of the public. Furthermore, elements of a direct democracy enable greater voter participation in political, social, and economic issues. Direct democracy is a better form of government when decisions affect a small electorate. For instance, issues that affect a small county or a particular state can be solved using direct democracy. In such scenarios, the voters of that state need to have a direct say in how the issues will be solved because the issues affect them directly.


Decisions best left for representative bodies are those that involve a larger number of electorates. It is easier to make decisions for such a large group by using representatives. Less time is wasted when making decisions for a larger region when representatives are used. Furthermore, representative democracy is also best suited for decisions that are too complicated for the average voter. Some political, economic, and social issues may prove too complex for every voter to comprehend and vote correctly on. Representatives familiar with such issues are better suited to make the decisions on the voters’ behalf.


Question 2:

Every country needs to find effective measures of integrating immigrant children to their own cultures. The purpose of this integration is to ensure that there is no emerging conflict between the immigrants and the naturally born citizens of the country. However, it should be noted that immigrants, especially children, have an extremely difficult time adopting to the new culture. Thus, schools should focus on the unique needs of immigrant children in order to hasten their adoption of the new culture. They need to have a positivist approach toward teaching these students about the country’s culture. A positivist approach will ensure that the children adopt bicultural competence, which is essential for both the students and the country as a whole. Bicultural competence refers to the ability of an individual to fuse different positive elements of the different cultures they have been exposed to thereby enhancing both cultures. The most important American political value that immigrant children need to be taught is the value of equality. Equality is a core American value enshrined in the American constitution. the value ensures that everybody in the country is treated equally regardless of race, age, gender, socio-economic status, religion, or nationality.