Every constitution sets up a government that is structured to the US federal government. The constitutions set up a framework for a government with elected representatives. The constitutions divide the government into three arms, the executive, judicial, and the legislature. Furthermore, in both instances, the executive branch is mandated to implement the laws passed by the legislative arm. The state constitution and the US federal constitution also describe the structure of the judiciary or court structure. There are also sections of the state and federal constitutions that describe how the political entity of the government is going to raise and spend the money.
The state constitution and the US constitution also have provisions that help guarantee the cooperation between the different branches set up by the said constitutions (Dye & MacManus, 2012). The constitutions also ensure that stipulations are put in place that guarantees that one branch will never be able to overpower the other branches.
Every constitution also has a bill of rights, similar to the federal bill of rights. The same rights found in the federal bill of rights are found in most state constitutions. The state and U.S. constitutions also have set provisions that allow for the alteration or amendment of the constitution as the citizens and their representatives deem necessary.
States also have statute-like provisions similar to the federal constitution. The provisions are usually very specific to the needs of the state. The individual state may feel that certain issues are sufficiently important to be included in the state constitution (Dye & MacManus, 2012). For instance, South Dakota’s constitution has provisions regarding the state hail insurance. The Alabama constitution contains remedies for the loss of peanut crops due to bad weather or disease. Such provisions are written in the individual state legislature to accord such issues a constitutional status as well as to make it more difficult to change.
Dye, T.R., & MacManus, S. A. (2012). Politics in states and communities (14th Ed). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.