Subject: History
Language: English (U.S.)
Pages: 1
Answer questions on cold war

RA 11

Reading for Week 10:

Chapter 24: The Opening of the Cold War: 1945-1954

Type your name here: 

Type your answer to the questions in the WHITE space provided (i.e., below the questions). (The space will expand as you type.) Label the sub-set of questions as (a), (b), (c), etc., where required.

1. (a) The United States and the Soviet union were guided by competing ideological and economic values in the post-World War II period. What was the United States’ belief about the Soviet foreign policy? Quote ONE sentence directly from the textbook. (4 points)

(b) On what two premises did the Truman administration anchor its belief that it held upper hand against the Soviets and could gain most of what it wanted? (4 points)

(c) George Kennan, the U.S. chargé d'affaires in Moscow was famous for his 1946 telegram to Washington, D.C. In terms of number of words, how long was this telegram? (2 points)

a). ‘the United States came to believe that the Soviet Union desired world revolution to spread communism, a doctrine hostile to free market individualism’

b). The premises were that America was the only economy to have been reinvigorated by the war and it was the only country in the world with an atomic bomb

c). Kennan’s telegram was 8000 words in length

2. (a) What was the monetary value of the military aid that Congress appropriated to fortify the governments of Greece and Turkey in 1947? (2 points)

(b) What Soviet action in early 1948 was viewed by Congress as further proof of its aggression and which aided congressional approval of the Marshall Plan? (3 points)

(c) Which cabinet-level agency established in 1947 composed the heads of the armed forces, that is, the army, navy, air force, and marines? (2 points)

(d) When the United States and Western European nations established the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in 1949, the Soviet Union responded by creating a similar mutual defense organization for its satellite nations. What was this organization? (3 points)

a). The monetary value was $400 million

b). The Soviet Union engineered a Communist Coup in Czechoslovakia, extinguishing the last democracy in Eastern Europe. 

c). The Joint Chiefs of Staff

d). The Council for Mutual Economic Assistance

3. (a) Truman’s policies, unlike that of his predecessor, put him in jeopardy with labor. What electoral development forced him to change course? (4 points)

(b) Many whites resisted African American demands for racial equality through acts of violence against blacks. Where (city and state) did a race riot occur in 1946 in which blacks were killed and black businesses grazed to the ground? (3 points)

(c) Which document argued that racial inequality and unrest could aid the Soviets in their global anti-American propaganda efforts? (3 points)

a). The Republicans won control over the Eightieth Congress

b). Columbia, Tennessee

c). To Secure These Rights 

4. (a) Which political organization in the 1948 election, thought capable of capturing the votes of Southern Democrats, posed a threat to Truman’s re-election bid? (3 points)

(b) Many people lost their jobs in the wake of the anticommunist investigations mounted by loyalty boards. Some were victims because they failed to answer satisfactorily questions about their political beliefs and personal behavior. Give one example of such questions. Quote directly from the textbook. (3 points)  

(c) How was anyone accused of helping the Soviets to obtain the atomic bomb branded after the USSR became an atomic power? (4 points)

a). The Dixiecrats.

b). ‘Do you listen to the records of Paul Robeson’?

c). ‘Public Enemy Number One’

5. (a) In the early 1950s, his name became synonymous with anticommunism as well as with manipulating truth. Who was he? Provide full name. (5 points)

(b) Which organization was most responsible for the anticommunist crusade of the 1950s? (5 points)

a). Joseph Raymond McCarthy

b). The Federal Bureau of Investigations