Reading for Week 9:
Chapter 23: World War II: 1933-1945
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Type your answer to the questions in the WHITE space provided (i.e., below the questions). (The space will expand as you type.) Label the sub-set of questions as (a), (b), (c), etc., where required.
(a) The series of legislations, each of which was designed to make it more difficult for the U.S. to become entangled in European armed hostilities, were called____ (3 points)
(b) Initially, Americans did not favor their country entering World War II. What two events drastically changed this attitude? (4 points)
(c) What legislation was the first peacetime military draft in American history? (3 points)
a). Neutrality Acts
b). The bombing of the American fleet in Pearl Harbor and the German attacks against Britain led to the US joining the WWII.
c). Selective Service and Training Act
(a) President Roosevelt pronounced December 7, 1941 “a date which will live in infamy” In one sentence, state the reason for this description of the date. (4 points)
(b) On June 6, 1944, American and allied forces crossed the English Channel and landed in Normandy, France. This military operation eventually led to the liberation of two countries namely _______ & _______from the Germans. (2points)
(c) At what conference did the American and Soviet leaders renew their commitment to establish the UN? (4 points)
a). This was the date that the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor.
b). Poland and Ukraine.
c). Dumbarton Oaks Conference.
(a) What prompted the second atomic bomb to be dropped on Japan? (5 points)
(b) The U.S. could have bombed Nazi concentration camps or railroad lines leading to them, but did not. Why did the Roosevelt administration fail to take such an action? Quote directly from the textbook. (5 points)
a). Japanese refusal to completely surrender to Allied forces.
b). ‘Positive destruction of these camps would necessitate precision bombing, employing heavy or medium bombardment, or attack by low flying or dive-bombing aircraft, preferably the latter. The target is beyond the maximum range of medium bombardment, dive-bombers, and fighter-bombers located in United Kingdom, France, or Italy. Use of heavy bombardment from United Kingdom bases would necessitate a hazardous round trip flight unescorted of approximately 2,000 miles over enemy territory. At the present critical stage of the war in Europe, our strategic air forces are engaged in the destruction of industrial target systems vital to the dwindling war potential of the enemy, from which they should not be diverted. The positive solution to this problem is the earliest possible victory over Germany, to which end we should exert our entire means. This case does not at all parallel the Amiens mission because of the location of the concentration and extermination camps and the resulting difficulties encountered in attempting to carry out the proposed bombing.’ John J McCloy, assistant secretary of war on a letter dated August 1944 to Jewish representatives.
(a) Which body established by the president in 1942 oversaw wartime economy? (4 points)
(b) Which group of people did the U.S. armed forces try unsuccessfully to exclude from fighting during World War II? (4 points)
(c) How does the textbook define “Rosie the Riveter”? Quote directly from the textbook. (2 points)
a). The War Production Board
b). African Americans
c). Rosie the Riveter is a cultural icon in the States that represents the unprecedented number of women who joined the workforce during the second World War. Many of these women worked in shipyards and factories, producing armaments and other war supplies.
(a) What was the march on Washington movement emblematic of? Quote directly from the textbook. (3 points)
(b) Who was the wartime newspaper publisher in southern California who organized boycotts against businesses that discriminated against or excluded Mexican Americans? (3 points)
(c) Which of the three ethnic groups in America associated with the Axis enemy received by far the worst treatment from the civilian population and government officials? (4 points)
a). The march on Washington movement was symbolic of the desegregation in the military.
b). Ignacio Lutero Lopez
c). Japanese Americans, Italian Americans, and German Americans.