Group Behavior and Process
Types of Necessary Information
Vandalism, drugs, and prostitution have become a main stay in most low-income neighborhoods in different countries in the world. Several strategies have been deployed to overcome the vices with varying degrees of success. To effectively eradicate these societal problems and contribute to increasing the welfare of these neighborhoods, the strategies employed need to be based on information.
The information will be derived from the grassroots level or the community base as this is where pertinent facts on the crimes can be retrieved. Generalization of these crimes will not help in curbing them at their source. The strategists need to collect information such as the names and locations of the drug peddlers, the sources of the drugs they sell, the economic and social backgrounds, their individual customer base, as well as their educational levels. The information will help the researchers understand why drug peddlers in a certain community exist. From this understanding, the strategists can come up with measures that can help in reducing the number of people who enter into drug peddling.
More often than not, drug peddling and prostitution go hand in hand. The researchers need to gather information on where the prostitutes in the community are based and what number engage in drug related crimes. Pimps usually engage in drug selling as well as managing prostitutes so it is possible that the information on prostitution will overlap with that of drug peddlers and their whereabouts.
Collecting information on vandalism will entail identifying the sites that have been vandalized and the extent of vandalism. More often than not, there are witnesses to vandalism activities. The witnesses will provide crucial evidence as to the upbringing of the vandals, their reason for dis-satisfaction of private and public property, as well as their involvement in other crime related activities.
Interviews with local enforcement officials, business owners, tenants, religious and civic leaders, as well as former prostitutes and drug dealers will help in gathering the information required.
The responses from the interviews will vary depending on how affected an individual is by the prevalence of these crimes. Most community members will call for the shutting down of drug peddling and prostitution in their communities. The reason is the fact that these are social vices frowned upon by members of any society. They are deviant behaviors that need to be curtailed with immediate effect.
The most obvious response is police laxity and corruption when it comes to curbing the aforementioned crimes. Most people will lament on how the police turn a blind eye to majority of the incidences involving vandalism, drug peddling, and prostitution because they simply do not care about the communities they serve or they are in the pockets of the criminals. Majority of the crimes happen with the knowledge of the police officers because the leaders of the criminal syndicates offer them bribes.
Other expected responses include the lack of employment and educational opportunities in the area. Majority of the communities where these crimes are rampant are poor with little hope for socio-economic progress. The communities do not have good schools or even job opportunities for the community members. To exacerbate the problem, there are so many idle youth in these areas. Their only choice is to engage in drug peddling and prostitution in order to survive. Furthermore, most of these youth are disillusioned about their future prompting many of them to engage in deviant acts such as vandalism and prostitution to mete out their frustration against their economic and social disenfranchisement.
Another expected response is the generational and peer-to-peer inculcation into crime especially at a young age. Most children who have grown up in areas where such crimes are rampant will also engage in such activities when they come of age. Furthermore, there is a heavy peer influence in such communities and that is why there is severe proliferation of gang activities in the areas.
These and other expected responses will help in understanding why the crimes are so rampant in certain areas. The responses will also help the strategists identify the true causes of the crime as well as how to remove the causative factors from the equation.
Types of Assessments
The most effective type of assessment in this case would be the Scanning, Analysis, Response, and Evaluation Problem Solving Model. Community policing officials and agencies to solve recurrent community problems including the likes of drug peddling, vandalism, and prostitution commonly uses the SARA model (Baum, 2015).
SARA is a problem oriented policing method that identifies and analyses the specifics surrounding particular crimes and disorders in a community. The method is used to develop response strategies that are concurrent with ongoing assessment of the situation on the ground. The method breaks down problem solving into four steps that make it easier for community policing officials to remember, understand, and implement.
The first step is scanning where the community police officers identify recurrent issues in the community and their respective outcomes. The officials then prioritize these issues and set about solving them in a systematic manner. Analysis involves understanding the causes of the crimes as well as the collection of data surrounding the recurrent crimes.
The third step, research, entails the police officers using the information they have gathered to brainstorm for ideas and strategies on how to mitigate the occurrence of the crimes. They then select a strategy and implement it accordingly. The final step is the assessment where the officials evaluate the effectiveness of the strategies that have been deployed to mitigate the issues. If the strategies were unsuccessful, the community-policing agency will have to return to the scanning stage (Baum, 2015).
Baum, E. (2015, Jun 3). Police Work: What is the SARA Model? NewsMax. Retrieved on 15/3/2016 from http://www.newsmax.com/FastFeatures/police-work-sara-model/2015/06/15/id/648577/