Empire and Wars: 1898-1918
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Type your answer to the questions in the WHITE space provided (i.e., below the questions). (The space will expand as you type.) Label the sub-set of questions as (a), (b), (c), etc., where required.
(a) White Hawaiians signed an agreement in 1887 with the United States. What did this agreement provide for the latter only? (3 points)
(b) What was the ethical justification of imperialists’ claim of America’s “natural right” to conquer and dominate the world? (3 points)
(c) Which country became in the early 20th century a magnet for U.S. missionary activities as a result of its enormous market for American products? (2 points)
(d) What did Alfred Thayer Mahan believe would undermine America’s military security? (2 points)
a). The agreement provided naval base rights at Pearl Harbor for United States.
b). The ethical justification of America’s natural right to conquer and dominate the world was to educate the people of the world about the suitability of justice as the only way for proper relations among countries and people.
c). China became a magnet for U.S. missionary activities in the 20th century.
d). Mahan believed that women suffrage would undermine America’s military security.
(a) Before the late 19th century, the United states had long coveted Cuba. One reason for this was its economic resources. What was the second reason? (2 points)
(b) Cuban revolutionaries were aided by climate in their war against Spain. How was this so? (Only one sentence required) (3 points)
(c) Economic interest and geopolitics played a role in U.S. intervention in the 1898 Cuban War. Specifically, how did the American press help build support for this intervention? (3 points)
(d) American forces faced several problems in the Cuban War. What specifically was the second problem? (2 points)
a). The second reason was the sympathy that U.S. citizens felt for the Cuban rebels who were fighting for their independence from Spain.
b). The climate of Cuba was peculiar and dangerous.
c). The press sensationalized America’s intervention in the Cuban war promoting public support for the former’s activities in the war.
d). The second problem was yellow fever.
(a) Approximately how many Americans died from diseases during the Cuban War? (2 points)
(b) Which 1898 Congressional act pledged Cuba’s independence from Spain? (4 points)
(c) In the late 19th century imperialists viewed American control of _______(name of place) as an important step forward in the quest for entry into the China market. (4 points)
a). More than 5000 soldiers died of disease during the Cuban war.
b). The Teller Amendment pledged Cuba’s independence from Spain
(a) What did Alfred Thayer Mahan consider vital to provide faster access to Asian markets and improve the U.S. navy’s ability to patrol two oceans effectively? (4 points)
(b) An addition to the Monroe Doctrine gave the U.S. the right to intervene in the internal affairs of Latin American and Caribbean nations. What was this addition called? (4 points)
(c) In the early 20th century, President Theodore Roosevelt was concerned with protecting the Open Door policy. Which president engineered this policy to secure naval access to the China market? (2 points)
a). According to Mahan, America would need a merchant navy, an American battleship, and a network of naval bases that could provide fuel and supplies for the bigger Navy.
b). The Roosevelt Corollary
c). William McKinley engineered the policy.
(a) Before America’s entry into World War I, which legislation did President Woodrow Wilson sign into law to increase the size of the army, navy, and National Guard? (5 points)
(b) The United States never joined the League of Nations. What impact did this have on the organization? (Only one sentence required.)? (5 points)
a). The legislation was known as the Selective Service Act or the Selective Draft Act of 1917.
b). The League operated much less efficiently without U.S. participation and this was probably the reason it failed.