Progressivism and the Search for Order: 1900-1917
Type your name here:
Type your answer to the questions in the WHITE space provided (i.e., below the questions). (The space will expand as you type.) Label the sub-set of questions as (a), (b), (c), etc., where required.
(a) In what important way were progressives different from populists in terms of constituencies they focused on? (Only one sentence) (4 points)
(b) How did the American Medical Association limit access to the medical profession? (4 points)
(c) Which company did the muckraking journalist, Ida Tarbell, believe was the model of corporate greed? (2 points)
a). The progressives were different from the populists mainly because the former focused on completely changing the political system while the populists were focused on reforming the country’s economic system.
b). The American Medical Association limited access to the medical profession by keeping the supply of physicians low. This was in a bid to increase the pay for the practicing physicians. The organization and its affiliates use state licensing boards to restrict the curriculum, number, and size of medical schools in the country. A decrease in supply of the physicians leads to a greater demand and the prices of their services skyrocket.
c). Ida Tarbell believed that the Standard Oil Company, headed by industrialist John Rockefeller, as the model of corporate greed.
(a) What did many women suffragists attribute to corruption in politics? (3 points)
(b) The campaign for women’s suffrage in the U.S. was part of an international movement. In what one European country did victory in this campaign in the 19th century encourage American suffragists? (2 points)
(c) Which of W. E. B. Dubois’ publications became the first scientific study of the plight of blacks in urban America? (3 points)
(d) Name one white activist mentioned in the textbook who was instrumental to founding the NAACP. (2 points)
a). The women suffragists attributed the lack of ‘civic housekeeping’ in the political sphere to the growing corruption in politics. Women would be able to bring their nurturing roles into the political sphere and ensure that the state was more nurturing towards the people that elected it.
b). New Zealand, a colony of Britain at the time, was the first country to successfully grant women suffrage on a national level. This was in 1893 and it prompted several suffrage movements in America and in Europe.
c). Dubois’ work ‘The Philadelphia Negro: A Social Study’ was the first scientific study of the plight of blacks in urban areas in America.
d). A white activist mentioned in the textbook and also instrumental to the founding of the NAACP is Moorfield Storey.
(a) Which organization at the turn of the 20th century became the dominant force in the prohibition movement? (3 points)
(b) Which organization, founded in 1914, subsidized scientific research into sexually transmitted diseases, funded investigation to gather more information, and drafted model ordinances for cities to curb prostitution? (3 points)
(c) What was the approximate number of people mentioned in the textbook who were addicted to opium, morphine, or cocaine? (2 points)
(d) The progressive period produced a number of reform-minded governors. Who among them led the way by initiating a range of reforms to improve the performance of state government and increase its accountability to constituents? (2 points)
a). The Anti-Saloon League was the dominant force in the prohibition movement in the early 20th Century.
b). The American Sexual Health Organization was formed in 1914. The group was formed primarily to raise awareness about sexually transmitted diseases. As a result, it developed moral ordinances to curb the proliferation of prostitution in cities.
c). It is estimated that one out of every 400 U.S. citizens was addicted to opiates and other addictive drugs during the Progressive era.
d). Theodore Roosevelt was among the reform-minded governors during the progressive period.
(a) President Theodore Roosevelt considered the presidency as a platform from which to promote his programs and from which he could rally public opinion. How did he qualify this platform? (4 points)
(b) Which trusts, in Roosevelt’s view, were bad?(4 points)
(c) What action did President Roosevelt take in 1901 that White supremacists in the South denounced as “damnable outrage”? (Quote directly from the textbook) (2 points)
a). Roosevelt qualified this platform by his belief that politics could be used as a tool to conserve the country’s resources and ensure that the workplace is safer to guarantee better performance from workers. The ‘Square Deal’ was his platform of ensuring fairness to the average citizens.
b). Roosevelt felt that large corporations were bad for the economy of the country. He was responsible for the downfall of Standard Oil, the biggest oil company as well as the largest railroad company.
c). Roosevelt invited Booker T. Washington to a dinner at the White House sparking a bitter reaction from the White Supremacists in the South.
(a) Why did Roosevelt, with widespread popularity among rank-and-file Republicans, loose to Taft in the 1912 election for Republican presidential nomination?(5 points)
(b) Quote President Wilson’s view about segregation and discrimination as related to African Americans. (5 points)
a). Roosevelt lost because many states did not hold primaries. Instead, they selected their delegates through state conventions. Roosevelt believed that several delegations were seated fraudulently.
b). ‘I have not been able to think out any solution of the terrible problem offered by the presence of the Negro on this continent, but of one thing I am sure, and that is that inasmuch as he is here and can neither be killed nor driven away, the only wise and honorable and Christian thing to do is to treat each black man and each white man strictly on his merits as a man, giving him no more and no less than he shows himself worthy to have.’