Gender Bias in Promotion of Firefighters
Various factors need to be considered in determining the presence of gender bias in firefighter promotion. Factors will include independence of the observed categories/ variables or a causal link between the two variables. These factors also include having a null hypothesis that states there is no difference between the observed groups. In this case, the observed groups are promoted female firefighters and promoted male firefighters. The null hypothesis is that there is no difference between the promotion of men and women. In other words, the null hypothesis here is that men and women are promoted equally and that there is no gender bias.
From our studies, we know that the significance level determines whether we accept or reject the null hypothesis. The significance level/ alpha level is usually set at 0.05. If the significance level is less than or equal to 0.05 then we should reject the null hypothesis and accept the alternative hypothesis that suggests that there is a difference between the two observed groups. If the significance level is greater than 0.05 then we should accept the null hypothesis i.e. there is no difference between the two observed groups.
In this instance, the significance level is 0.054919. If the number is rounded off then it becomes 0.06, which is greater than the significant level of 0.05. This means that there is no difference in the observed groups i.e. there is no gender bias when it comes to promoting the firefighters.
The absence of gender bias can be justified by the fact that the significant level is greater than 0.05. This means the promotion of men and women is not associated with their gender. The number of women being promoted is greater simply because there are more women on the force than there are men. Gender bias in promotion of the fire fighters can be detrimental to the fire department. Legal issues can ensue because it is illegal to carry out promotions that are discriminatory against gender. The fire department can be sued as a result by those affected.